The general definition of dyslexia is:

A language processing difficulty, which manifests in a person’s ability to read, spell and write.

What does this mean? Practically speaking, it means that, when a person reads or writes, they may jumble letters around. Because of this, they may confuse the meaning of certain words.

For instance:

  • A dyslexic person might read a word and process its meaning backwards. E.g. – the word “dog” becomes “god.”
  • A dyslexic person might confuse consonants. E.g. – “b” becomes “d” or “q” becomes “p.” In these cases the word “box” might become “pox.”
  • A dyslexic person might ignore or confuse punctuation marks. E.g. – the word “it’s” becomes “its.”
  • A dyslexic person might have difficulty recognizing numbers. E.g. “6” gets confused with “9.”
  • A dyslexic person might have difficulty deciphering multi-syllabic words or rhymes.
  • Dyslexics might leave out ‘small function’ words such as: “that,” “is,” “an,” etc. Or they confuse such words with other words: E.g. – the word “were” becomes “where,” etc.

Dyslexia is therefore a learning disorder. But these examples only scratch the surface. A more comprehensive list of the symptoms of dyslexia would certainly include:

  • obstacles with reading and writing.
  • problems with mathematical computations.
  • problems with auditory processing.
  • difficulty applying organizational skills.
  • poor memory.
  • sensitivity to light.
  • delays in visual and/or phonic processing.

It is very important to remember that unlike other disorders whose symptom are universal and rote, dyslexia manifests itself from patient to patient in shockingly different ways. A dyslexic person can experience any number of the above symptoms, and to varying degrees. For this reason, it’s accurate to say that – just as with snowflakes – no two dyslexics are ever alike.